MANIFESTO | 10 Points to adaptive planning
1. CHOOSE THE SOCIAL REFERENCE MODEL
Urbanism is an action that refers to practical reason. This is why it is a technological investment to transpose a desired social, economic and environmental structure towards the near future. Before starting any regulatory device, it is necessary to ask ourselves what kind of social model we want to implement. The European Union is the social and economic model of reference and the principles are the European ones acknowledged by the member states: subsidiarity, adequacy and cohesion, on the basis of which it is necessary to find the appropriate scale with respect to urban and territorial functions and policies.
2. OVERCOME THE PRINCIPLE OF UNIFORMITY
Urbanism is the reorganization of the territorial structures. It is an action that outlines organizational modalities among the territories, for this it requires the overcoming of the principle of uniformity of all territorial entities, with respect to urban practices and its spatial “ingredients”. To bring the territory of the various institutions closer to the real economy, new narratives and new inter-institutional cooperative governance are needed.
3. OVERLAY INSTITUTIONAL BOUNDARIES
Urbanism is the right spatial dimension for action. The municipal administrative boundaries are no longer able to include the economic and productive factors that underlie the communities. Institutional cooperation to define the right spatial dimension is a necessity for innovative, inclusive and active territorial and urban policies.
4. REDUCE REGIONAL ECLECTISM
Urbanism is the interconnection of institutional arrangements. Regional legislative systems have produced a sort of “eclectic” regionalist federalism with the introduction of very diversified tools, procedures and contents, which does not seem to correspond to an interregional and inter-institutional debate on the effective definition of the field of action of the so-called “government of territory” and its concrete anchoring to the practices of action.
5.OVERCOME INEFFECTIVE SECTORIALISM
Urbanism is overcoming the separate planning sectors. Urbanism, meant as government of the territory, is a cooperative action, which presupposes the recomposition and integration of what concerns the defense of the territory, the protection and enhancement of the environment (landscape, basin, reclamation plans, parks, etc.) and of what has operational content (infrastructure, transport, health, facilities, landfills, quarries, etc.).
6. SPATIAL PLANNING IS PROJECT
Interpreting, selecting and planning is the planner’s operational supply chain. There is no urbanism without social and economic interpretation. There is no urbanism without selection of backgrounds, facts, and contents. There is no urbanism without an efficient, sustainable and fair narrative and vision towards which we should tend.
7. INCREASE THE PUBLIC CITY
Urbanism is the construction of the public city and of the common space. The project of the public city requires territorial endowments and performances which are different from the traditional urban planning standard. The territorial endowments constitute that set of equipment, works and spaces which make a site “urban” and determine its quality. For this reason, they must also include intangible infrastructures, without which contemporary society would be limited.
8. TOWARDS A PROJECT OF EQUITY
Urbanism is a management tool for public governance. To govern the territory, one must have inspiring principles: those of equity and efficiency in action. Forms of cooperation and coordination of the instruments, at the different scales of the project, must determine conditions of greater equity and greater efficiency. These are achieved when the project calls for equalization and urban compensation.
9. USE PLANS FOR TAX REORDER
Urbanism is a project of territory and city. It is one of the main tools for the formation of urban land rent, but it does not govern taxation, contribution or tariff levy related to the surplus values generated or derived from it, directly or indirectly. The regulatory dimension of the adaptive urban plan must also be used as a fiscal instrument.
10. USE NEW ADAPTIVE TOOLS
Urbanism is a process of research-action, for this reason it is adaptive to the physical-spatial context and to the existing socio-economic circumstances. The behavior of the actors is tactical, because it is open to the unexpected and to the control of the repercussions that the action produces in reality. An adaptive plan is built with a vision, which aims to regulate the governance needs of cities and territories in an ecosystemic, sustainable and creative perspective.